Instalasi FreeBSD 6


Instalasi FreeBsd 6.2
Catatan, FreeBSD Tagged FreeBSD, freebsd 6.2, instalasi freebsd Februari 7th, 2008
Sebelumnya saya tidak pernah membayangkan untuk menginstall freebsd 6.2, karena selain belum pernah sama sekali, saya sudah kadung jatuh cinta sama ubuntu. Walaupun sering mendengar freebsd namun agak ngeri juga membayangkan instalasinya

Instalasi freebsd sebenarnya mirip sekali dengan Slackware, jadi bagi anda yang pernah menginstall slackware ataupun debian rasanya tidak akan mengalami kesulitan yang berarti.
Secara umum proses instalasinya begini:
1. Boot dari cd installer freebsd 6.2 (cd1)
2. tunggu beberapa saat hingga muncul tampilan pilihan Negara, pilih negara yang anda suka kemudian pilih tombol OK
3. selanjutnya kan muncul sebuah tampilan sysinstall main menu, ada beberapa pilihan yang sebenarnya tidak penting untuk kita tahu semua
4. biar cepet anda pilih Standar (ini yg direkomendasikan) kemudian pilih tombol Select
5. kemudian akan muncul tampilan konfirmasi, bahwa anda akan masuk kedalam tampilan utilias fdisk (program untuk membuat partisi di Unix)
6. WASPADALAH sampai disini. karena anda akan menggunakan partisi untuk freebsd, pastikan anda mengerti apa yg sedang dikerjakan. jangan sampai nanti menyesal karena kehilangan data penting. Untuk membuat sebuah partisi baru untuk freebsd, dapat dilakukan dengan menekan tombol C (Create Slice)
7. selanjutnya tekan tombol Q (untuk keluar)
8. maka anda akan ditanya, apakah anda ingin menginstall Boot Manager ?, pilih Bootmgr jika ya, Standar jika ingin dipasang di MBR (master boot record) atau none untuk tidak. Sebaiknya anda memilih Bootmgr.
9. Selanjutnya ada disuruh membuat partisi didalam slice yang sudah kita buat diawal. partisi yang harus anda buat adalah:
10. / (root untuk partisi utama, misal : 512Mb)
11. swap (untuk membantu kerja memori, biasanya dibuat 2 x kapasitas memory)
12. /var (untuk log dan sebagainya, misal : 1Gb)
13. /tmp (untuk proses sementara, misal : 512Mb)
14. /usr (untuk instalasi program, misal 3Gb karna digunakan untuk tempat instal program nantinya)
15. tekan tombol C untuk membuatnya, jika udah selesai tekan tombol Q
16. langkah berikutnya anda akan disuguhi pilihan menu instalasi (bukan disuguhi makanan & minuman). anda pilih All untuk menginstall smua aplikasi yang ada di cd atau pilih minimal (untuk instalasi dengan paket program minimal)
17. selanjutnya akan ditanya instalasi media, anda dapat memilih CD/DVD
18. kemudian akan muncul konfirmasi ulang, jika anda sudah yakin bisa memilih tombol Yes.
19. tunggu proses instalasi hingga muncul jendela informasi bahwa freebsd anda sudah terinstal (Congratulations )
20. selanjutnya freebsd akan menanyakan apakah anda ingin mengkonfigurasikan jarikan?, jika ya pilihan selanjutnya adalah daftar kartu jaringan yang dideteksi oleh freebsd.
21. pilih kartu jaringan yang ada, kemudian anda akan ditanya apakah ingin menggunakan dhcp ?, kalau tidak anda disuruh mengisikan alamat ip secara manual.
22. selanjutnya akan ditanya apakah ingin menghidupkan kartu jaringan tsb ?, pilih yes jika iya
23. berikutnya berturut-turut anda akan ditanya apakah ingin mengaktifkan fungsi gateway, inetd, SSH Login, anonymous ftp, nfs server, system console dan time zone serta apakah anda miliki mouse/usb ps2, serial atau bus mouse.
24. pastikan anda memahami maksud pertanyaan yg ada sebelum memilih tombol Yes atau No hingga anda kembali ke Sysinstall Main Menu
25. pilih Exit Install jika sudah selesai.
Selamat anda sudah berhasil menginstall freebsd 6.2.

Simple Forms
Present Tense
Present tense expresses an unchanging, repeated, or reoccurring action or situation that exists only now. It can also represent a widespread truth.
Example Meaning
The mountains are tall and white. Unchanging action
Every year, the school council elects new members. Recurring action
Pb is the chemical symbol for lead. Widespread truth
Past Tense
Past tense expresses an action or situation that was started and finished in the past. Most past tense verbs end in -ed. The irregular verbs have special past tense forms which must be memorized.
Example Form
W.W.II ended in 1945. Regular -ed past
Ernest Hemmingway wrote “The Old Man and the Sea.” Irregular form
Future Tense
Future tense expresses an action or situation that will occur in the future. This tense is formed by using will/shall with the simple form of the verb.
The speaker of the House will finish her term in May of 1998.
The future tense can also be expressed by using am, is, or are with going to.
The surgeon is going to perform the first bypass in Minnesota.
We can also use the present tense form with an adverb or adverbial phrase to show future time.
The president speaks tomorrow. (Tomorrow is a future time adverb.)

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Progressive Forms
Present Progressive Tense
Present progressive tense describes an ongoing action that is happening at the same time the statement is written. This tense is formed by using am/is/are with the verb form ending in -ing.
The sociologist is examining the effects that racial discrimination has on society.
Past Progressive Tense
Past progressive tense describes a past action which was happening when another action occurred. This tense is formed by using was/were with the verb form ending in -ing.
The explorer was explaining the lastest discovery in Egypt when protests began on the streets.
Future Progressive Tense
Future progressive tense describes an ongoing or continuous action that will take place in the future. This tense is formed by using will be or shall be with the verb form ending in -ing.
Dr. Jones will be presenting ongoing research on sexist language next week.

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Perfect Forms
Present Perfect Tense
Present perfect tense describes an action that happened at an indefinite time in the past or that began in the past and continues in the present.This tense is formed by using has/have with the past participle of the verb. Most past participles end in -ed. Irregular verbs have special past participles that must be memorized.
Example Meaning
The researchers have traveled to many countries in order to collect more significant data. At an indefinite time
Women have voted in presidential elections since 1921. Continues in the present
Past Perfect Tense
Past perfect tense describes an action that took place in the past before another past action. This tense is formed by using had with the past participle of the verb.
By the time the troops arrived, the war had ended.
Future Perfect Tense
Future perfect tense describes an action that will occur in the future before some other action. This tense is formed by using will have with the past participle of the verb.
By the time the troops arrive, the combat group will have spent several weeks waiting.

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Perfect Progressive Forms
Present Perfect Progressive
Present perfect progressive tense describes an action that began in the past, continues in the present, and may continue into the future. This tense is formed by using has/have been and the present participle of the verb (the verb form ending in -ing).
The CEO has been considering a transfer to the state of Texas where profits would be larger.
Past Perfect Progressive
Past perfect progressive tense describes a past, ongoing action that was completed before some other past action. This tense is formed by using had been and the present perfect of the verb (the verb form ending in -ing).
Before the budget cuts, the students had been participating in many extracurricular activities.
Future Perfect Progressive
Future perfect progressive tense describes a future, ongoing action that will occur before some specified future time. This tense is formed by using will have been and the present participle of the verb (the verb form ending in -ing).
By the year 2020, linguists will have been studying and defining the Indo-European language family for more than 200 years.

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